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James B. Steinberg


James B. Steinberg
Senior Fellow







The Honorable James B. Steinberg is University Professor of Social Science, International Affairs and Law at Syracuse University and served as Dean of the Maxwell School from July 2011 until June 2016. Prior to becoming Dean, he served as Deputy Secretary of State (2009-2011), serving as the principal Deputy to Secretary Clinton. From 2005-2008 he was Dean of the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs University of Texas. From 2001 to 2005, Mr. Steinberg was vice president and director of Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution. Mr. Steinberg served as deputy national security advisor to President Clinton from 1996 to 2000. During that period he also served as the President’s personal representative to the 1998 and 1999 G-8 summits. Prior to becoming deputy national security advisor, Mr. Steinberg served as director of the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary for analysis, Bureau of Intelligence and Research.

Steinberg’s most recent books are “A Glass Half Full? Rebalance, Reassurance and Resolve in the US-China Relationship (Brookings Institution Press, 2017) and “Strategic Reassurance and Resolve: US-China Relations in the 21st Century” (Princeton University Press, 2014) both with Michael O’Hanlon. Recent book chapters and articles include: “Too Much History: American Policy and East Asia in the Shadow of the Past”, Texas National Security Review Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017); “Present at the ‘Re-Creation’: The Role of the State Department in Formulating and Implementing US Global Policy” in Nicholas Burns and Jonathan Price, eds., America’s National Security Architecture, (Aspen Institute 2017); “United States: Grappling with Rising Powers” in William I. Hitchcock, Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro, eds., Shaper Nations: Strategies for a Changing World (Harvard University Press, 2016); and “History, Policymaking, and the Balkans: Lessons Imported and Lessons Learned” in Hal Brands and Jeremi Suri, eds., The Power of the Past, History and Statecraft, (Brookings Institution Press, 2015). He also authored Difficult Transitions: Foreign Policy Troubles at the Outset of Presidential Power (2008) with Kurt Campbell. He is the recipient of the Joseph J. Kruzel Memorial Award, American Political Science Association (2014), the CIA Director’s Medal (2011) and the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Award (2011). Mr. Steinberg received his B.A. from Harvard and a J.D. from Yale Law School.

Books:

A Glass Half Full? Rebalance, Reassurance and Resolve in the US-China Relationship with Michael O’Hanlon (Brookings Institution Press, 2017)

 Strategic Reassurance and Strategic Resolve: US-China Relations in the 21st Century with Michael O’Hanlon (Princeton University Press, 2014).

Difficult Transitions: Foreign Policy Troubles at the Outset of Presidential Power, with Kurt M. Campbell (Brookings Institution Press, 2008 

Protecting the Homeland 2006/2007, with Michael d'Arcy, Michael O'Hanlon, Peter Orszag, and Jeremy Shapiro (Brookings Institution Press, 2006).

Protecting the American Homeland: One Year On, with Michael E. O'Hanlon, Peter R. Orszag, Ivo H. Daalder, I.M. Destler, David L. Gunter, and Robert E. Litan (Brookings Institution Press, 2003).

Protecting the American Homeland, with Michael E. O'Hanlon, Peter R. Orszag, Ivo H. Daalder, I.M. Destler, David L. Gunter, Jim Lindsay, and Robert E. Litan (Brookings Institution Press, 2002).

An Ever Closer Union: European Integration and Its Implications for the Future of U.S.-European Relations (RAND, 1993). 

Book Chapters:

“Present at the ‘Re-Creation’: The Role of the State Department in Formulating and Implementing US Global Policy”, in Nicholas Burns and Jonathan Price, eds., America’s National Security Architecture: Rebuilding the Foundation (Aspen Institute, 2016)

 “United States: Grappling with Rising Powers” in William I. Hitchcock, Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro, eds., Shaper Nations: Strategies for a Changing World (Harvard University Press, 2016)

“History, Policymaking, and the Balkans: Lessons Imported and Lessons Learned” in Hal Brands and Jeremi Suri, eds., The Power of the Past, History and Statecraft, (Brookings Institution Press, 2015).

“Conclusion” in Nina Hachigian ed., Debating China: The U.S.-China Relationship in Ten Conversations (Oxford University Press, 2014).

“The Policymaker’s Perspective: Transparency and Partnership,” in Roger Z. George and James B. Bruce, eds., Analyzing Intelligence: Origins, Obstacles, and Innovations (Georgetown University Press, 2nd edition 2014)
“Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Use of Force” in Ivo H Daalder, ed., Beyond Preemption: Force and Legitimacy in a Changing World (Brookings Institution Press, 2007)

“Force and Legitimacy in the Post-9/11 Era: What Principles Should Guide the United States?” in Morton H. Halperin, Jeffrey Laurenti, Peter Rundlet, and Spencer P. Boyer, eds. Power and Superpower: Global Leadership and Exceptionalism in the 21st Century (Century Foundation Press, 2007).

“Information Technology and the New Security Challenges,” in Clayton Northouse, ed., Protecting What Matters: Technology, Security, and Liberty Since 9/11 (Brookings Institution Press, 2006).

“An Elective Partnership: Salvaging Transatlantic Relations,” in Werner Weidenfeld, Caio Koch-Weser, C. Fred Bergsten, Walther Stutzle, John Hamre, eds., From Alliance to Coalitions-The Future of Transatlantic Relations (Bertelsmann Foundations Publishers, 2004).

“Democracy and Regional Security,” in Clement C.P. Chang and Ming-Min Peng, eds., Building a New Vision for Asia-Pacific Democracy and Human Rights (Asia-Pacific Democratic Cooperation Forum, 2002).

“The Response of International Institutions to the Yugoslavia Conflict: Implications and Lessons,” in F. Stephen Larrabee, ed., The Volatile Powder Keg: Balkan Security After the Cold War (American University Press, 1993).

“International Involvement in the Yugoslavia Conflict,” in Lori Fisler Damrosch, ed., Enforcing Restraint: Collective Intervention in Internal Conflicts (Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993) 

“The Case for a New Partnership,” in Nannette Gantz and John Roper, eds., Towards a New Partnership: U.S.-European Relations in the Post-Cold War Era (Paris: Institute for Security Studies of the Western European Union, 1993).

“Introduction,” Democracies in Regions of Crisis (National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, 1990).

“ATBM: The Legal, Technological, Political and Economic Implications,” in Marlies ter Borg and Wim Smit, eds., Tactical Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe: Feasible, Affordable, Desirable? (Amsterdam: Free University Press, 1987).

 “European Defense Cooperation: Why Now?,” in Jonathon Alford and Kenneth Hunt, eds., Europe in the Western Alliance: Towards a European Defense Entity? (St. Martin’s Press, 1988).

“Strategic Forces,” in Joseph Kruzel, ed., American Defense Annual 1987-1988 (Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath and Company, 1987) (co-authored with Dr. Lynn Davis).

Journal Articles and Monographs:

Too Much History: American Policy and East Asia in the Shadow of the Past”, Texas National Security Review. Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)

A New Approach to Stability in East Asia”, New Asia, Number 3, Volume 21 (Autumn 2014), pp. 12-18.

Harmonizing Policy and Principle: A Hybrid Model for Counterterrorism” with Miriam R. Estrin, Journal of National Security Law & Policy, Number 1, Volume 7 (2014) pp. 161-207.

“A Watershed Year for East Asia?”  Roundtable, Turning to the Pacific: U.S. Strategic Rebalancing toward Asia, with Thomas Fargo, Aaron L. Friedberg, J. Stapleton Roy, David M. Lampton, Wallace “Chip” Gregson, Asia Policy, Number 14, (July 2012) pp. 22-25.

“Mind the Gap, Why Policymakers and Scholars Ignore Each Other, and What Should be Done About it,”  with Francis J. Gavin, Carnegie Reporter, vol. 6 no. 4 (Spring 2012) pp. 10-17.

Restoring Government Service as a Valued and Honored Profession,” The Public Administration Review vol. 72 no. 2 (March/April 2012)

The Unknown Unknowns,” with Francis J. Gavin, Foreign Policy (2/14/2012)

“Managing Presidential Transitions,” The Washington Quarterly vol. 31 no. 4 (Autumn 2008), pp. 7-20.

“Real Leaders Do Soft Power: Learning the Lessons of Iraq,” The Washington Quarterly vol. 31 no. 2 (Spring 2008), pp. 155-164.

 “A Sound Principle, but Not a Playbook,” American Behavioral Scientist vol. 51 no. 9 (May 2008), pp. 1357-1361.

Erasing the Seams: An Integrated, International Strategy to Combat Terrorism,” The Brookings Institution (May 2006).

Preventive Force in US National Security Strategy,” Survival vol. 47, no. 4 (Winter 2005), pp. 55-72.

The Future of Preemption,” with Ivo H. Daalder, The American Interest vol. 1, no. 2 (Winter 2005).

“Fighting Binladenism,” with Shibley Telhami, The Road Ahead: Middle East Policy in the Bush Administration’s Second Term (March 2005).

“Building an Effective, Sustainable Partnership Between the Government and the Private Sector,” with Gilman Louis and the Markle Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, The Markle Foundation (December 2003).

“An Elective Transatlantic Partnership for the 21st Century,” Crossing the Atlantic: A Report from the Aspen Atlantic Group (2003 Workshops), pp. 19-32.

Building Intelligence to Fight Terrorism,” with Andrew Eggers and Mary Graham, Brookings Policy Brief #125 (September 2003).

“The Bush Foreign Policy Revolution,” New Perspectives Quarterly (Summer 2003).

“An Elective Partnership: Salvaging Transatlantic Relations,” Survival vol. 45, no. 2 (Summer 2003), pp. 113-146.

Information Technology and Development: Beyond Either/Or,” Brookings Review vol. 21, no. 2 (Spring 2003), pp. 45-48.

 “Protecting the American Homeland: One Year On,” with Michael E. O'Hanlon, Peter R. Orszag, Ivo H. Daalder, I.M. Destler, David L. Gunter, and Robert E. Litan, Brookings Analysis (January 2003).

The New National Security Strategy and Preemption,” with Michael E. O’Hanlon and Susan Rice, Brookings Policy Brief #113 (December 2002).

Street Drug Markets in Inner-city Neighbourhoods, PH Reuter, RJ MacCoun, Urban America, Rand, Santa Monica, California 227-251.

“Hard Choices: National Security and the War on Terrorism,” with Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay, Current History vol. 101, no. 659 (December 2002), pp. 409-413.

The Bush National Security Strategy: An Evaluation,” with Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay, Brookings Policy Brief #109 (October 2002).

“The Conflicting Goals of America’s New Security Strategy,” with Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay, European Affairs vol. 3, no. 4 (Fall 2002), pp. 27-32.

Protecting America’s Freedom in the Information Age,” with the Markle Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, The Markle Foundation, (October 2002)

 “Elusive Partnership: U.S. and European Policies in the Near East and the Gulf,” with Rita Hauser, J. Robinson West, Marc C. Ginsberg, Geoffrey Kemp, Craig Kennedy, and Christopher J. Makins, The Atlantic Council and the German Marshall Fund Policy Paper (September 2002).

“Assessing the Department of Homeland Security,” Brookings Institution Report (July 15, 2002). 

Counterterrorism: A New Organizing Principle for American National Security?” Brookings Review vol. 20, no. 3 (Summer 2002), pp. 4-7.

NATO Enlargement: Moving Forward; Expanding the Alliance and Completing Europe’s Integration,” with Philip H. Gordon, Brookings Policy Brief #90 (November 2001).

“Three Challenges for Europe and the New U.S. Administration,” The International Spectator, vol. XXXVI (April-June 2001), pp. 51-59.

A Perfect Polemic: Blind to Reality in Kosovo,” Foreign Affairs vol. 78 (November/December 1999), pp. 128-133.

 Enforcing restraint: collective intervention in internal conflicts, International Involvement in the Yugoslavia conflict, 27-75

“Turning Points in Bosnia and the West,” in Zalmay Khalilzad, ed., Lessons From Bosnia: Conference Proceedings, CF-113-AF, (RAND, 1993).

European Defense and the Future of Transatlantic Cooperation, MD-276-USDP, (RAND, 1993) (co-authored).

Overlapping Institutions. Underinsured Security: The Evolution of the Post-Cold War Security Order, P-7811, (RAND, 1993).

The Evolution of the European Economy: Implications for Transatlantic Relations, N-3432-FF, (RAND, 1992) (co-authored).

The Transformation of the European Defense Industry: Emerging Trends and Prospects for Future U.S.-European Competition and Collaboration, R-4141-ACQ, (RAND, 1992).

The Role of European Institutions in Security After the Cold War: Some Lessons From Yugoslavia, N-3445-FF, (RAND, 1992).

Five Models for European Security: Implications for the United States, N-3446-A, (RAND, 1992).

 Integration and Security in an all-European Order, P-7733, (RAND, 1991).

 Rethinking Security Arrangements in Europe, N-3107-AF, (RAND, August 1990) (co-authored).

 The Evolution of the United States Role in Europe, P-7669, (RAND, July 1990).

 “Political and Economic Issues with the Alliance: The Future of Burden-sharing and the Southern Region,” The International Spectator vol. XXV (April-June 1990), pp. 128-137.

 “Rethinking the Debate on Burden-sharing,” Survival vol. 24 (January/February 1987), pp. 56-78.

 Domestic Policy

 Urban America: Policy Choices for Los Angeles and the Nation, James B. Steinberg, David W. Lyon, Mary E. Vaiana, eds. (RAND, 1992).

“Were You Counted? – Civil Rights and the 1990 Census,” in One Nation Indivisible: The Civil Rights Challenges for the 1990s (Citizens’ Commission on Civil Rights, 1989), pp. 352-360.

Reviews

H-Diplo Roundtable on Charles Maier’s Once within Borders: Territories of Power, Wealth and Belonging Since 1500, Roundtable Review, Volume XIX, No. 3 (2017) 18 September 2017

“A Permanently Interventionist America?” Review of the book Dangerous Nation: America’s Foreign Policy from Its Earliest Days to the Dawn of the Twentieth Century, by Robert Kagan. European Affairs, Vol 8, No 2 (Summer/Fall 2007).

 “Dangerous Curve Ahead: Can a simple diagram explain the challenges of 21st-century foreign policy?” Review of the Book The J Curve: A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall, by Ian Bremmer. Austin American-Statesman (9/24/2006)

Op-Eds

“How To Lead the World: To restore America's greatness, start by listening to others and tending matters at home,” Newsweek (12/19/2007)

“The U.S.-India Nuclear Deal was an Opportunity Lost,” Austin American-Statesman (3/10/2006)

Preventive War, A Useful Tool,” with Ivo H. Daalder, The Los Angeles Times (12/4/2005)

Selling Arms to China: If Europe has to do it, here’s how,” with Philip H. Gordon, International Herald Tribune (3/18/2005)

The Iraq War: Departure Does Not Mean Defeat,” with Michael E. O’Hanlon, Financial Times (2/23/2005)

Iraq: Time to Announce a Timetable,” with Michael E. O’Hanlon, The Washington Post (2/2/2005)

“New Rules on When to go to War,” with Ivo H. Daalder, Financial Times (8/2/2004)

“Set a Date to Pull Out,” with Michael E. O’Hanlon, The Washington Post (5/18/2004)

The U.S. Has a Stake in Europe’s Success,” with Philip H. Gordon, International Herald Tribune (10/3/2003) 

After the Iraq War: The View from Asia,” Brookings Iraq Report  (4/16/2003)

American May Wield ‘Fear Factor’ Against North Korea, Syria, Iran,” San Jose Mercury News (4/13/2003)

“The Postwar Challenge Will Be Hardest,” Financial Times (4/8/2003)

“The Risks of Playing ‘Who’s Next?’” Brookings Iraq Report (4/3/2003)

What It Will Take to Truly Win the War,” Brookings Iraq Report (3/27/2003)

“Changing the Dynamic,” San Jose Mercury News (4/21/2002)

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